Rationale Performance appraisals are one of the most important requirements for successful business and human resource policy Kressler, Rewarding and promoting effective performance in organizations, as well as identifying ineffective performers for developmental programs or other personnel actions, are essential to effective to human resource management Pulakos, Evaluating employee performance is a difficult task. After a review of literature, a performance appraisal model will be described in detail.
Double space; include heading on the first page top left ; place shortened title and page number in the header of every page top right ; see Format Instructions Title: First draft to be copied and pasted into a forum window; final draft to be submitted as an uploaded file on Canvas.
Student Sample Literature Review The Literature Review consists of an introduction, summary of scholarly sources, a discussion and evaluation of the sources including disputes and disagreementsand a conclusion in which you put forth your own potential original research questions that will contribute something new to the available Literature review on acceptance level of on the topic.
A minimum of five scholarly sources not the same ones you used in the Background Essay are required for this essay. At least two of your scholarly articles must come from the online database Academic Search Premier available from the class guide ; other scholarly sources can come from Google Scholarscholarly book chapters published by university pressesor research studies published by credible organizations.
The Literature Review in the Research Process A literature review is a section of a final research report, and can also be a stand-alone essay; both are required for your topic in this class.
So you are not going to write an essay on a Shakespearean play or some other literary text. A scholarly literature review is part of any final research study or report since it demonstrates that you are familiar with what other other scholars have already studied and published on your subject, and allows you then to map out what new arena or question you would like to pursue.
There is, after all, no point in reinventing the wheel, i.
And there's also no point in reaching your own interpretive conclusions without taking into account what others have already studied and argued. You would lack credibility and appear naive and uninformed if your analysis has already been convincingly put forth or refuted.
The purpose of a literature review is fourfold: The first is to summarize and assess the state of existing knowledge on your narrowed topic. What knowledge exists and is generally accepted with regard to your topic? Are there important differences or disagreements among scholars?
Are there significant problems or limitations with any of the research studies?
Which research methods were employed in the various research studies, which were not, and with what consequences? What questions remain unanswered? What aspects or approaches seem relatively unexplored? Through the process of reviewing existing knowledge you will also develop a more nuanced understanding of your topic, the second reason for conducting a literature review.
This new understanding leads to the third reason, to raise questions for further research. In other words, what are you left wondering? What questions or aspects of the issue do you find have been unanswered, underexplored or overlooked?
How would our understanding be improved by pursuing those questions or angles? At the end of this process, you will hopefully find that you can identify several potential research questions.
The final purpose of the literature review, based on the sources that have been assessed and the new questions that have been raised, is to identify one specific and significant research question that identifies a gap in the current state of knowledge or analysis about your topic.
This research question will drive your research from this point forward as you build towards the Final Research Article, in which you present an argument that attempts to answer your own research question.
Review the Assignments page to get a sense of how this assignment fits in with the other major assignments this quarter, namely, the Background Essay and the Final Research Article. Remember that you will continue learning about your research topic throughout the quarter, and you will revise this essay to include as a section in your Final Research Article.
Though the research process is recursive and, frankly, messy by nature, it is helpful to visualize and organize your progress through the various stages. Required Elements of the Literature Review Length: At least five-six pages of APA-manuscript text not including the References page.
See the Holman Library Class Guide for this course. At least five scholarly articles must be different from those you used in the BEfrom which you quote at least once. At least two articles must come from the electronic database such as Academic Search Premier select "peer-reviewed" from the search screens of these databases.Literature review is used to gain knowledge about the medical and information security cultures involved: US: literature review, 95 articles: Is to develop mobile internet prevalence model that would let determine levels of mobile internet acceptance and use, and they impacting factors.
A literature review is a section of a final research report, and can also be a stand-alone essay; both are required for your topic in this class. "Literature" refers to the scholarly writing, published (original) research study results, and other important analyses on a particular aspect of a topic.
achieved the widest acceptance, is that satisfaction is a post-choice evaluative judgment of a specific transaction (Bastos and Gallego, ).
Customer satisfaction is . CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW Chapter 2 is an overview of online business and an exploration of trust as a foundation on which online business architecture is built.
The literature review covers acceptance model. International Journal of Electronic Commerce, 7(3). Writing a Short Literature Review William Ashton, Ph.D.
York College, CUNY A student began a short literature review on the stigma of the mentally ill and. The literature review is researched and completed over many days or even months, and is a fundamental tool that college and university students must use to begin research on any given academic topic.
Literature review writing stages will include.